Effective 2019/2020

If you need a truly free citation generator, you have come to the right website. Just follow these simple steps:


  1. Select the type of souce you want to cite, for example a scientific journal article
  2. Fill out the form with the necessary bibliographic data (fill out manually)
  3. Click on "Create Citation" and choose MLA, APA or Chicago/Turabian citation style
  4. View the suggestions, with the option to export them to Word (in rtf format)

Three of the most common citation systems available are used on this website, namely APA (a parenthesis systems), MLA (another parenthesis systems), and Chicago/Turabian notes style (a note system), and the aim is to always follow the latest versions of these systems. This website is thus a fully functional and totally free APA citation generator, citation generator MLA, Chicago style citation generator and Turabian style citation generator. Parenthesis systems, such as MLA and APA, are sometimes refered to as Harvard referencing, and note systems, such as Chicago/Turabian notes style, are sometimes refered to as Oxford referencing.

APA is used in the social sciences, for example psychology and education. It too consists of a short parenthetical citation in the text and a complete citation in the bibliography. However, unlike MLA, the citation in the text contains the publication year: “(Smith, 2011)”. That is what is suggested on this website. Sometimes the page number is added, for example when there is a direct quote from the source. In this example, the quote is found on page 28 in the source: “(Smith, 2011, 28)”. You will have to add that page number by hand in your manuscript, should it be needed.


MLA is used in the humanities, for example language and literature. It consists of a short parenthetical citation in the text and a complete citation in the bibliography at the end of the manuscript. What makes MLA special is that is uses very little information in the text to maintain the flow for the reader. Then, all the necessary data is in the bibliography, or works cited as it is often called. A citation in the text may be just the author’s name "(Smith)", and that is what is suggested on this website. However, it is important for you to remember that an in text citation may also be the name and the page number: “(Smith 126)”, or, if you mention author’s name in the text, just the page number, for example: “Smith has discussed this (126)”.


Chicago/Turabian notes style is also used in the humanities, for example in history. The thing that separates this style from the two other is the fact that just a footnote/endnote number is inserted in the running text. This superscript number then refers to either a footnote or an endnote where the reference is given, and the reference is also given in a bibliography at the end of the manuscript. In addition, there are two versions of Chicago/Turabian style: the Chicago style with footnotes/endnotes and a bibliography described above (Chicago/Turabian notes style), and the Chicago style with parenthetical notations in text and a bibliography (Chicago/Turabian parenthetical style). Only the former is used on this website.

This bibliography generator only provides suggestions on how to write in-text citations and citations in the bibliography. Always consult a good style guide for further advice on how to properly cite a source in your essay, article manuscript or similar. Style guides for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian styles can be found on Amazon, for example. Thomas Kane's The New Oxford Guide to Writing, a popular guide, has helped me improve my writing skills. Kane's book is of great value to any student, academic writer, or researcher regardless of what citation style is used.


This citation website builds on extensive experience from writing academic documents and supervising students, where proper citations is a must. I started developing this website to help students with their essays. As it grew, I understood that it could be used by others and that made me develop and enhance the site even further. Today, I hope that it is of some benefit to pupils, students, and professionals globally who are writing essays, article manuscripts, and similar documents.


If you do not know what type of generator you need (APA works cited generator, APA style bibliography generator, APA citation generator, works citation generator or whatever you think you need) or if you are not sure of how to cite a specific source, talk to your teacher, supervisor, project leader, and/or editor, or seek advice from experienced friends, colleagues or others. I am afraid that I cannot help you with those types of specific questions, so please do not send requests to me about what system is the best for your manuscript or how to cite a certain source. Respectfully, I argue that it is a decision that you, as the author of your manuscript, will have to make for yourself. Once you have made that decision, you are more than welcome back to howtowritecitations.com and hopefully it will continue to deliver suggestions on how you may write your citations.


Good luck with your citations!


Kent Löfgren


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How to Write Citations.com | Free Citation Generator

This Free Citation Generator, with its Style Guides, is run by Scholars for APA Style and MLA Style (Harvard referencing) as well as Chicago Notes Style and Turabian Style (Oxford referencing), for your Bibliography, List of Works Cited, and Reference List. Here's our story so far.